American Association of Clinical Anatomists


The American Association of Clinical Anatomists advances the science and art of clinical anatomy. It encourages research and publication in the field and maintaining high standards in the teaching of anatomy. Clinical anatomy is defined as anatomy in all its aspects - gross, histologic, developmental and neurologic as applied to clinical practice, the application of anatomic principles to the solution of clinical problems and/or the application of clinical observations to expand anatomic knowledge.

Disclaimer: With the exception of the membership of some of our associates in the AACA, there is no commercial association between the AACA and CAA, Inc.

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variations

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation is one of the most complete sources to understand, visualize and inform the student and physician of the complexity and variability of Human Anatomy. This site is hosted by and curated by Dr. Ronald A Bergman

"It is important to understand that no two living organisms are structurally or functionally identical - animals or plants!

It is clear that textbook writers and teachers over the centuries, even until today, fail to understand or to transmit to their students the crucial concept that anatomical and physiological diversity and variation is a canon of living organisms. This failure leads to the belief that textbooks are conveying immutable facts with only few anomalous exceptions."

Bartleby. com is a great resource for the medical student and the medical sales representative.  It features many medical books, including the  1918 American Edition of Gray's anatomy, and a powerful search engine.  Most important, many of the medical words have the correct pronunciation in a sound format. has a large number of reference books available online.

Dream Anatomy

Over the centuries anatomy has become a visual vocabulary of realism. Drawn mainly from the collections of the National Library of Medicine, Dream Anatomy shows anatomical imagination in some of its most astonishing incarnations, from 1500 to the present.  An incredible gallery of images is included in this site.

Dream Anatomy